5G is slowly taking its place in India. Jio and Airtel have already started 5G services in several cities, and many smartphone manufacturers have started rolling out the 5G update. However, 5G is still in its infancy, and many users have lots of questions in mind.
Motorola has responded to some of the most common questions regarding 5G. This includes SA Vs NSA 5G, Why OTAs are needed to enable 5G and more. Motorola explained behind-the-scenes procedures for the OEM side of the equation.
Why do smartphone manufacturers have to push out OTA updates to enable 5G?
Motorola stated that activating 5G requires significant effort and safeguarding before a software upgrade is made available to the public. It includes testing the service in various cities and areas, obtaining Google’s clearance for the software, and, most importantly, as radio waves increase, so does the SAR value; hence, before putting out updates, properly testing the phones for safe SAR values is critical for customer’s safety.
What is SA and NSA in 5G?
SA means Standalone; it has its independent infrastructure. On the other hand, NSA means non-standalone, where the 5G network is built on an existing layer of a 4G network. SA is the true 5G. It uses core 5G to enable the lowest possible latency and speed.
While Jio has stated that its 5G network will be launched in SA mode, Airtel and Vodafone Idea will use NSA mode.
Which 5G bands are required for phones in India?
The Low and Mid Bands are required for 5G in India. This includes n5, n8, n20, and n28 in low bands. And n1, n3, n40, n41, n77, and n78 in mid-bands. The low bands fall under sub-1 GHz, providing a broad coverage area and improved interior and non-metro coverage. The carrier bandwidth might be as high as 100 MHz. Currently, Jio is the sole provider of the n28 band.
While the mid bands fall under sub 6 GHz, perfect for high-density area coverage, it offers carrier bandwidth of up to 400 MHz – 1.1 GBPs. The n78 band is one of India’s most popular 5G bands and is enabled by both Jio and Airtel.